Ornamentation, arches outline the Moorish revival, the Venetian Renaissance in Lancaster [architecture column] | Structure

LANCASTER IN STYLE, PART 16: MOOR REVIVAL & VENETIAN RENAISSANCE, 1880-1910

Last month we explored Chateauesque, one of several revival styles that were popular in the late 19th century.

Next up are the Moorish Revival and the Venetian Renaissance. Popular between 1880 and 1910, these styles reflect the architectural character and details found on structures in southern Europe and the Middle East.

Minarets, domes, belvederes, arches, arabesque details and surface ornaments define these two distinctive revival styles. Their external appearance differed dramatically from other styles of the time due to the reference to Arabic and Venetian architecture.

The Lancaster Business College building, built in 1911 at 48 N. Queen Street, features distinctive horseshoe arches (also known as keyhole or Moorish arches) made with white brick and Indiana limestone carvings and cartouches.

The former Lancaster Business College building, built in 1911 at 48 N. Queen St., features distinctive white-brick horseshoe arches (also known as keyhole or Moorish arches) and Indiana limestone carvings and cartouches.

257 W King Street 2

This 1898 building at 257 W. King St. features two types of Moorish Revival arches. At the top is an ogee four center arch with an open urn and decorative railing. Below is a pseudo three-center arc.

257 W. King St. 1 Moorish arches

This 1898 building at 257 W. King St. features two types of Moorish Revival arches. At the top is an ogee four center arch with an open urn and decorative railing. Below is a pseudo three-center arc.

Town hall 1892 4

Lancaster’s town hall from 1892, originally a post office, as a tower with a copper open-air belvedere, an open urn decoration and ornate limestone carvings.

Lancaster Town Hall 5 1892

Lancaster City Hall, formerly a US post office, was completed in 1892 and designed by James H. Windrim of Philadelphia.

Town hall 1892 6

Lancaster Town Hall, built in 1892, has Roman arches with arabesque limestone details.

Town hall 1892 8

Lancaster City Hall, dating from 1892, features intricate Indiana limestone carvings, including acanthus leaves and a distinctive band of connected rings.

Town hall 1892 2

The 1892 Lancaster City Hall building, originally a U.S. post office, shows examples of a horseshoe arch, also known as a Moorish or keyhole arch.

Town hall 1892 1

The 1892 Lancaster Town Hall, originally a US post office, has open-topped fluted urns and ornate limestone carvings.

Town hall 1892 10

Lancaster Town Hall, dating from 1892, has an Indiana limestone “blind” with an oculus at street level.

Town hall 1892 3

The 1892 Lancaster City Hall, originally a US post office, has limestone flowers in a checkerboard pattern.

Town hall 1892 9

The 1892 Lancaster City Hall building, formerly a US post office, was designed by James H. Windrim.

Demuth row 1

Moorish influence can be seen along the so-called “Demuth Row” at 145-151 S. Queen Street. This building, built around 1880, features an intricately carved cornice, bay window brackets, and window frames.

Demuth row 2

Moorish influence can be seen along the so-called “Demuth Row” at 145-151 S. Queen Street. This building, built around 1880, features an intricately carved cornice, bay window brackets, and window frames.

Demuth.jpg

Woolworth Building, around 1899 1

The Woolworth Building on North Queen Street, built in 1899, was designed by Ditmar & Sheckles Architects. It had a roof garden and blue-tiled lookouts outside. The office of the architect C. Emlen Urban was located in this building. It was razed to the ground in 1950.

Woolworth Building 1899 2

The Woolworth Building on North Queen Street, built in 1899, was designed by Ditmar & Sheckles Architects. It had a roof garden and blue-tiled lookouts outside. The office of the architect C. Emlen Urban was located in this building. It was razed to the ground in 1950.

Lancaster Business College 1 1911

The Lancaster Business College building, built in 1911 at 48 N. Queen Street, features distinctive horseshoe arches (also known as keyhole or Moorish arches) made with white brick and Indiana limestone carvings and cartouches.

Lancaster Business College 2 1911

The former Lancaster Business College building, built in 1911 at 48 N. Queen St., features distinctive white-brick horseshoe arches (also known as keyhole or Moorish arches) and Indiana limestone carvings and cartouches.

257 W King Street 2

This 1898 building at 257 W. King St. features two types of Moorish Revival arches. At the top is an ogee four center arch with an open urn and decorative railing. Below is a pseudo three-center arc.

257 W. King St. 1 Moorish arches

This 1898 building at 257 W. King St. features two types of Moorish Revival arches. At the top is an ogee four center arch with an open urn and decorative railing. Below is a pseudo three-center arc.

Town hall 1892 4

Lancaster’s town hall from 1892, originally a post office, as a tower with a copper open-air belvedere, an open urn decoration and ornate limestone carvings.

Lancaster Town Hall 5 1892

Lancaster City Hall, formerly a US post office, was completed in 1892 and designed by James H. Windrim of Philadelphia.

Town hall 1892 6

Lancaster Town Hall, built in 1892, has Roman arches with arabesque limestone details.

Town hall 1892 8

Lancaster City Hall, dating from 1892, features intricate Indiana limestone carvings, including acanthus leaves and a distinctive band of connected rings.

Town hall 1892 2

The 1892 Lancaster City Hall building, originally a U.S. post office, shows examples of a horseshoe arch, also known as a Moorish or keyhole arch.

Town hall 1892 1

The 1892 Lancaster Town Hall, originally a US post office, has open-topped fluted urns and ornate limestone carvings.

Town hall 1892 10

Lancaster Town Hall, dating from 1892, has an Indiana limestone “blind” with an oculus at street level.

Town hall 1892 3

The 1892 Lancaster City Hall, originally a US post office, has limestone flowers in a checkerboard pattern.

Town hall 1892 9

The 1892 Lancaster City Hall building, formerly a US post office, was designed by James H. Windrim.

Demuth row 1

Moorish influence can be seen along the so-called “Demuth Row” at 145-151 S. Queen Street. This building, built around 1880, features an intricately carved cornice, bay window brackets, and window frames.

Demuth row 2

Moorish influence can be seen along the so-called “Demuth Row” at 145-151 S. Queen Street. This building, built around 1880, features an intricately carved cornice, bay window brackets, and window frames.

Demuth.jpg Woolworth Building, around 1899 1

The Woolworth Building on North Queen Street, built in 1899, was designed by Ditmar & Sheckles Architects. It had a roof garden and blue-tiled lookouts outside. The office of the architect C. Emlen Urban was located in this building. It was razed to the ground in 1950.

Woolworth Building 1899 2

The Woolworth Building on North Queen Street, built in 1899, was designed by Ditmar & Sheckles Architects. It had a roof garden and blue-tiled lookouts outside. The office of the architect C. Emlen Urban was located in this building. It was razed to the ground in 1950.

Lancaster is fortunate that several examples of the Moorish Revival and Venetian Renaissance still remain. Lancaster City Hall, designed by Philadelphia architect James H. Windrim in 1888, was the post office of the United States until its present use in 1932.

Early renderings show a tall, slender, heavily ornate limestone tower crowned by a 10-meter-high Moorish open-air belvedere with copper ribs on the corner of North Duke Street and Marion Street.

Venetian references include the four large, open-topped fluted urns under the belvedere, roses, Roman arches and carved acanthus leaves.



Town hall 1892 2

The 1892 Lancaster City Hall building, originally a U.S. post office, shows examples of a horseshoe arch, also known as a Moorish or keyhole arch.



Perhaps the most striking feature of this style is the “horseshoe arch” window. Unique to this style is the horseshoe arch, sometimes referred to as the keyhole or Moorish arch, which continues the semicircular shape beyond halfway, creating the appearance of a horseshoe.

The Frank W. Woolworth Building on the first block of North Queen Street was designed by New York architects Ditmar and Sheckles.

This six-story building was built in 1899 and was Lancaster’s finest example of Venetian Renaissance architecture.



Woolworth Building 1899 2

The Woolworth Building on North Queen Street, built in 1899, was designed by Ditmar & Sheckles Architects. It had a roof garden and blue-tiled lookouts outside. The office of the architect C. Emlen Urban was located in this building. It was razed to the ground in 1950.



Equipped with a rooftop restaurant, an open air performance stage and two lookout points, the office building brought an exotic lifestyle and experience to downtown Lancaster.

Across the street, at 48 N. Queen St., Lancaster Business School built their version of the Moorish Revival in a four-story white brick building from 1911 showing the horseshoe arched windows on the second floor.



257 W. King St. 1 Moorish arches

This 1898 building at 257 W. King St. features two types of Moorish Revival arches. At the top is an ogee four center arch with an open urn and decorative railing. Below is a pseudo three-center arc.



Surprisingly, smaller examples of these two exotic revival styles can be found in the embellishments and decorations applied throughout the community. Pay attention to details that have a Middle Eastern appearance, especially window trim and ornaments.

Why was the post office shut down from 1891?

By 1925, a larger and more modern facility was needed to meet the demands of a growing population. C. Emlen Urban was commissioned by the city in 1932 to convert the old post office into a community building.

What’s the definition? the arabesque?

Arabesque refers to the ornamental design of intertwined flowing lines found in Arabic and Moorish architecture.

What is a Belvedere?

A belvedere is an open, covered gallery on a roof that offers an impressive view.

Contributing to this column is Gregory J. Scott, FAIA, a local architect with more than four decades of national experience in innovation and design. He is a member of the College of Fellows at the American Institute of Architects. Send an email to [email protected]

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Ornamentation, arches define the Moorish revival, the Venetian Renaissance in Lancaster [architecture column] | Architecture Source link Ornamentation, arches define the Moorish Revival, the Venetian Renaissance in Lancaster [architecture column] | Architecture

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